Developmental Psychology – Unit Test

Developmental Word Cloud

Essential terms for identification: there are 24 essential terms from the developmental unit listed below. Pick 10 terms to identify, give an example to demonstrate its meaning and explain “why” each term is significant to human development.

Maturation

Conservation Attachment

Imprinting

Psychosocial Development

Neglectful Parents

Zone of Proximal Development

Egocentrism Schema
Accommodation Longitudinal Design

Indulgent Parents

Assimilation

Object Permanence

Cross-sectional Design

Authoritarian Parents

Sex-Typing

Stranger Anxiety

Authoritative Parents

Sensitive Period

Strange Situation

Separation Anxiety Sequential Design

Critical Period

Essays: five free response (essay) questions are listed below. Choose one to answer fully. Make sure to provide solid examples and give good detail to clarify “why” your examples support your thesis.

  • How well do you get along with your parents? Considering what you have learned in this unit about parenting and parent-child relationships, are there aspects of your upbringing that you think your parents could have handled better than they did? Do you think you have the ability to do a better job of parenting children in their formative years than your parents did? Explain and give specifics – including vocabulary from this unit.
  • Mr. Krause has been giving unfair quizzes all semester. You have failed a few and several of your friends were in danger of failing the class due to poor quiz performance. His quiz items simply did not correlate well with what he presented in class or what was in the book. You stop by his classroom at lunch to discuss a problem that you have in understanding a particular psychological theory. Mr. Krause is not there, but the classroom door is wide open and sitting on his desk is a stack of tomorrow’s quiz. You know you can improve both your performance on the quiz and perhaps help several of your friends pass the class if you get a look at it. What do you do? Why? Based on Kohlberg’s levels of moral development, classify your decision using specifics from his stages.
  • In the debate over nature versus nurture in human development, there are many factors to take into consideration. For example maturation, or the genetic instructions for how our bodily and mental functions unfold (e.g., standing before walking), coincides with our level of attachment and care with our primary care givers. Breakdown one of the projects presented in this unit and examine how the idea of nature vs. nurture help shape our development across the life span. Incorporate various theories from the psychologists studied. Also, explain why this debate is so important to psychology and social science.
  • What is attachment and how is it crucial to emotional development in infancy, childhood and throughout the lifespan? Go in depth highlighting Harlow, Ainsworth and Bowlby’s research into attachment. Address how attachment or lack thereof in infancy can impact a person later in life. Make conclusions about the importance of emotional attachment by speculating on possible consequences of poor attachment.
  • How are Freud’s and Erikson’s theories of development similar and how do they differ? Use examples from Dexter Morgan’s case file to demonstrate these similarities and differences. Be specific in both psychologist’s theories, explaining important stages of development, their consequences on human development and by speculating on how they connect to Dexter’s life as we know it. Synthesize all you know to date about human development and whether you think Freud and Erikson’s theories are relevant to either your life to those in your life.